File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.  It was first established in 1971, but later revised in the 80s and 90s. An FTP is a standard Internet protocol used to transfer files from one computer to another providing that one computer is acting as an FTP server. The server can either be a dedicated server or a computer running FTP server software, but there must be a network connection.

Files transferred can be either text or image.  FTP is commonly used to download or upload large files such as music, video games, and photos. FTP servers can be public or private but they are not secure or encrypted.

FTP servers can store the data files for websites, which are then viewed by other computers using HTTP.  Common free FTP software include FileZilla, Cyberduck, and in some cases, Internet Explorer.


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